Palak or spinach is one of the fastest growing plants and there will always be a product market3). Recently there has been significant progress in the development of diversity. This has helped the farmer to enter other parts of the spinach market. Some types of spinach have very soft leaves (especially baby spinach) that are often used in salad dressings that were not previously possible due to the strong and thick leaves of chard.
Spinach is a hardy plant that will thrive in a wide variety of climates. It is one of the few plants that can be grown successfully in summer and winter. Many spinach growers use a closed hydroponic system to grow their spinach. These systems have a 1m wide bed with a split divider that leads to two channels of about 0.5m each. Planting density varies between 8 and 16 / m2 plants, and baby spinach can reach 100 plants / m2 density.
Investment density will depend on factors such as:
- Type and variety of spinach
- Local weather
- Spraying machines used to control pests and diseases
Farmers often plant where they are as thick as possible without researching the effect on crop growth and the final product quality. It is usually the local microclimate, influencing the options the farmer may have. An old example is weeding. If the system is close to an open field where there is a lot of weeds and native plants, the insects of these plants often migrate and increase the number of insects in the plant. In this case the person has to plant in low density so that he can control the pests effectively.
It can be said that the best planting season for swiss chard is between 10 and 12 / m2 plants and spinach between 12 and 14 / m2 plants. Baby spinach will vary depending on the type of growth area used. A fine stone crusher will allow for high density, however, make sure the edge is high enough to ensure there is no accumulation of water (the formation of a pond, thus attracting fungal mosquitoes). The disadvantage of using a better stone / stone is that when you remove the plants at the end of the season, small stones tend to bend at the roots of the plant. A small stone / stone should be filled several times in the working stone (10-13 mm wide).
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